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What factors are considered in awarding Maintenance?

Maintenance in New York is the equivalent of what other state's call "alimony." It's intent is to enable a recipient spouse to get back on his/her "financial feet" after getting a divorce from the more-monied spouse.

Factors Considered
New York considers numerous factors in making a final award of maintenance. They are: 1) the income and property of the respective parties including marital property distributed pursuant to subdivision five of this part; (2) the length of the marriage; (3) the age and health of both parties; (4) the present and future earning capacity of both parties; (5) the need of one party to incur education or training expenses; (6) the existence and duration of a pre-marital joint household or a pre-divorce separate household; (7) acts by one party against another that have inhibited or continue to inhibit a party's earning capacity or ability to obtain meaningful employment. Such acts include but are not limited to acts of domestic violence as provided in section four hundred fifty-nine-a of the social services law.

Further factors
(8) the ability of the party seeking maintenance to become self-supporting and, if applicable, the period of time and training necessary therefor; (9) reduced or lost lifetime earning capacity of the party seeking maintenance as a result of having foregone or delayed education, training, employment, or career opportunities during the marriage; (10) the presence of children of the marriage in the respective homes of the parties; (11) the care of the children or stepchildren, disabled adult children or stepchildren, elderly parents or in-laws that has inhibited or continues to inhibit a party's earning capacity; (12) the inability of one party to obtain meaningful employment due to age or absence from the workforce; (13) the need to pay for exceptional additional expenses for the child/children, including but not limited to, schooling, day care and medical treatment; (14) the tax consequences to each party; (15) the equitable distribution of marital property; (16) contributions and services of the party seeking maintenance as a spouse, parent, wage earner and homemaker, and to the career or career potential of the other party; (17) the wasteful dissipation of marital property by either spouse; (18) the transfer or encumbrance made in contemplation of a matrimonial action without fair consideration; (19) the loss of health insurance benefits upon dissolution of the marriage, and the availability and cost of medical insurance for the parties; and (20) any other factor which the court shall expressly find to be just and proper.

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